“Objection: But to punish the innocent in the place of the guilty is also repugnant to the justice of God.
Answer: This objection would have force, 1.If the innocent one were unwilling to
endure the punishment which would be required.
2.If he were not of the same nature with the guilty.
3. If he were not able to undergo a sufficient punishment.
4. If he could not come forth from this punishment; for God would not have the innocent to perish for the guilty.
5. If he were not able to renew and regenerate the sinner, and give him faith so that he might embrace his benefits. But all these conditions meet in Christ, as is clearly evident from. the following portions of Scripture: “Christ has loved us and hath given himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God, for a sweet smelling savor.” “I lay down my life for
the sheep.” “He was wounded for our transgressions, and was bruised for our iniquities.” “Christ died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.” “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.” “I lay down my life that I might take it again.” “Christ loved the church and gave himself for it, that he might sanctify and cleanse it.” “Who gave himself for us,
that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.” -Zacharias Ursinus, Heidelberg Catechism Commentary