“The cause [of the plagues] was the Lord’s hand, the hand regularly being symbolic of personal intervention and action, or the Lord’s finger, the finger suggesting a more detailed involvement.” -Alec Motyer, Exodus
1. Begin Here! – The value of the Old Testament
2. The Threefold Book– Discusses Jesus view of the Bible, and the threefold division of law, prophets, and writings; as well as teaching on the inspiration of Scripture.
3. Jesus and the not-so-silly Question- More on Jesus’ view of the Old Testament, as well as the New Testament’s view of Jesus.
4. Preparing for Jesus- How the Old Testament promises the coming of Jesus.
5. Bible Words have Bible Meanings– Interpreting New Testament words in light of Old Testament context; Ruth & “redemption”; and “covering”
6. Knowing God– What the Old Testament teaches us about God & Creator; Creation; God’s rule over history and providence; God’s kingship and government over the world.
7. Following the Straight Line – ways we see how Old Testament and New Testament connect together
8. The Great Unities: One Book, One Covenant – overview of the covenants
9. The Great Unities: One God – The doctrine of God, the Shema, “The Lord of Hosts,” “the angel of the Lord,” “the Spirit of God,” “the Word and wisdom of God,” the Old Testament and the Trinity.
10. The Great Unities: One Way of Salvation – OT words about forgiveness, The Passover, Israel at Sinai, The Tabernacle, the Sacrificial system, substitutionary atonement,
11. The Great Unities: One Story, One Messiah – Christ and the stories of Kingship in the Old Testament (Judges- Chronicles), also Psalms and Prophets testimony to the coming King.
12. Practicalities: Prophets and Psalms – Brief overviews of Malachi, Amos, and Isaiah; Psalms and overviews of Pss 124, 100, 121
13. Over the Bridge – A look at Isaiah, and the New Testament fulfillment of certain OT ideas: 1) How “Fulfillment” of Scripture works 2) Sacrificial system 3) The City of God 4) The Promised Land 5)
14.Settling Down to our Task– Personal Bible reading practices,
In other words, it is a prolepsis. The coming event of Jesus casts its shadow before it in the coming of Israel out of Egypt. It is a foreshadowing of Jesus. This is pretty marvellous and even mind boggling. Why did Israel go down to Egypt and come out of Egypt? Because, in the ultimate, that is what would happen to Jesus. It was because it would happen to him in the future that it happened to them in the past. Their past experience caught the shadow of the coming Messiah, and the Word of God was fulfilled in ways that you would never have thought. Indeed this feature of prolepsis may have been in Matthew’s mind throughout his introduction of Jesus. In parallel with Exodus 4: 22– 3, Jesus is the Son of God in Egypt (Matt. 2: 15); in Exodus 14 Israel came to the water (of the Red Sea) and grumbled (vv. 10– 12), Jesus came to the Jordan and committed himself to ‘fulfilling all righteousness’ (Matt. 3: 13– 17); Israel’s record in the wilderness (Exod. 15– 17) was one of grumbling and discontent, Jesus in the wilderness (Matt. 4: 1– 11) met and conquered Satan; in parallel with Exodus 19, Jesus came to the mount (Matt. 5: 1), not as another Moses, to act as intermediary, but to sit as God (Exod. 19: 18; 20: 1) teaching his people his law. That the pre-history of God’s people was thus ‘shaped’ by the shadow of the Coming One not only enhances the wonder of biblical prophecy but also adorns the dignity and greatness of our Lord Jesus Christ.”Alec Motyer, A Christian’s Pocket Guide to Loving the Old Testament
“If we follow the Lord Jesus Christ, we are following the supreme Bible Man. Don’t ever be ashamed of being thought of as being tied to Holy Scripture. Don’t ever be ashamed of exalting Holy Scripture. You’re following in the steps of Jesus who bound himself to the Word of God, and insisted by his obedience to fulfil what was written of him.” -Alec Motyer, A Christian’s Pocket Guide to Loving the Old Testament
“The flow of history, so often to us a meaningless flux of actors, activities, movements and conflicts, is actually a closely guarded arena of divine purposes: the Lord is there in the flux, making sure that each event is in the right place at the right time, each ‘actor’ appears on cue, everything is perfectly integrated into the divine scheme, nothing intrusive retards or deflects the divine plan.” -Alec Motyer, A Christian’s Pocket Guide to Loving the Old Testament
“once we see structure we see meaning and intention.” -Alec Motyer, A Christian’s Pocket Guide to Loving the Old Testament
“The Psalms are not only the longest book of the Bible; they are also the most varied. All life, in all its variety and complexity, is represented here. Yet all this multiplicity can be brought under one heading: ‘take it to the Lord.’ You know how you can take a mirror and so angle it to the sun that sunlight can be re-directed into a dark corner— or wherever? The Psalms teach us to set our lives at an angle, making sure our lives are so ‘angled’ that everything is at once transmitted into the Lord’s presence, and put into the context of what is true about him.” -Alec Motyer, A Christian’s Pocket Guide to Loving the Old Testament