“the essence of typology, which depends not on predictions but on transferable ‘models’ from the OT story.” -R. T. France
The OT prophets spoke of the glories of the messianic age in the ‘garb’ of ideas and concepts that were familiar to them.
This is like when you watch an old movie that is about the future (like 2010: The Year We Make Contact) and from our perspective it’s vision of the future looks a lot like the time the movie was made. It is a very 80s-ish understanding of the future (all the way down to the men wearing high shorts). They described the future that way because that’s how 80s people understood the future.
Similarly, the prophets spoke of the future messianic age in ways that people of their time and space would understand them. Yet, because the Spirit inspired them, their words were reliable guides for God’s people, and not deluded projections
An article (inadvertantly) illustrating the great value of hermeneutics.
Baloo cartoon in the 8/28/2000 National Review:
“One cartoon depicts Moses standing on top of God’s mountain, holding the two tablets of the Ten Commandments. The prophet is beaming. ‘Hey, these are great,’ he says enthusiastically. ‘From now on, nobody will have trouble distinguishing right from wrong.'” quoted from Phil Ryken, Written in Stone
BTW NOTE: obvious sarcasm.
“American consumers have a fascination with multi-use items. Consider the extraordinary success of the Swiss army knife. In addition to an ordinary knife blade, this handy gadget comes with a toothpick, a tweezer, a pair of scissors, a couple of screwdrivers, a file, a saw blade, and a corkscrew. The tool is a knife, but it is also much more: an indispensable tool to perform seemingly any task. Like an all-in-one tool, the law of God is a multi-use item. This important truth helps explain why the Bible talks about the law in so many different ways. God has more than one purpose for his law, and the important thing is to know how to use it.” -Phil Ryken, Written in Stone
Here is an interview with Iain Duguid that walks through the book of Judges.